Parents: Joseph Crane BRADLEY and
Margaret Day BRADLEY was born on 6 Sep 1918 in Berkeley, California. Parents: Dwight Jaques BRADLEY and Kathryn Lee Culver .
Mark William BRADLEY Parents: William Crane BRADLEY and Alice Louise Babcock.
Markas BRADLEY Parents: David McLane (Darby) BRADLEY and Liisa Muukari.
Mary Adelle BRADLEY(23) was born on 30 Nov 1854 in Bangkok, Siam. She died on 5 May 1926 in Tacoma Park, Maryland. From Harold Bradley's introduction to Ruth Bradley's "Dellie" :
"Dellie was my aunt, a frail woman with an iron will who gave birth to, and reared her sons in pioneer Colorado. Her life was as fascinating as fiction and as remarkable as only the truth can be. Her story might have been called "A Woman in Four Worlds" or "Through Four Periods of Life." There is a lovely belief among some Buddhists in parts of Asia that death will not come to a person until his special lotus opens. The deceased will then sit on his flower as Buddha is often portrayed. Surely no lotus ever waited during a more unusual life than my aunt's. Mary Adelle Bradley's world began in Bangkok, Siam, where she was born in 1854. Her missionary family was not wealthy, but lack of comforts was unknown., and Siamese servants did all the housework. Contacts were only with the foreign community and the Royal Siamese families. The intellectual atmosphere was not too changed when my aunt was sent to Oberlin College in 1875. Aunt Dellie's second world began in 1877 when she married her cousin, Andrew Trew Blachly, after a few weeks' acquaintance. For the next sixteen years, frequent moves, the birth of eight boys, recurring ill health, and harsh living conditions--with near starvation at times were made bearable because of her utter devotion to, and faith in her husband and her belief that God made no mistakes in what he inflicted on His Children. That period ended in 1893. Who can decide whether that era or the one to follow and which lasted until 1915 revealed more strongly the character of this extraordinary woman? Was it the legacy of indomnitability and sense of duty learned at home, or was it supreme mother love that enabled her to keep her family together and ultimately to send each boy off to earn his own college education? Those things accomplished, Aunt Dellie entered the briefest of her worlds-nine years of what she considered undeserved comfort and luxury. In our present age of character softening influences, changing moral values, of Aid to Dependent Children and Public Assistance, it would seem worthwhile to read of a woman who lived by principles which should be as valid now as when Aunt Dellie applied them. As a relative said, "If Dellie's story is not written so that those of us who knew of such women may read it, the next generation will never believe its truth but consider it pure imagination." Because Bradleys have a family tradition of saving every piece of correspondence, it would be hard to conceive of an individual's life more fully documented and one more thoroughly discussed among relatives than that of Mary Adelle Bradley Blachly. Beginning at the time of her marriage and continuing for more than forty years, most letters referred to her as "poor Dellie" and that is what Lou would have titled his book. But my wife has found a radiance and a richness in Aunt Dellie's life which will not permit her to use poor. I agree that she was always simply DELLIE."
The 1910 federal census of Delta, Co lists Sarah B. Cheek, aged 60 as a member of Dellie's household.
Parents: Dan Beach BRADLEY D.D. and Sarah BLACHLY.
She was married to Andrew Trew BLACHLY on 5 Sep 1877 in Kansas City, Missouri. Children were: Dr. Arthur Trew BLACHLY, Frederick Frank BLACHLY , Clarence Dan BLACHLY, Howard Dwight BLACHLY, William Harold BLACHLY, Ralph Reamer BLACHLY, Louis Bradley Blachly, Edward Hugh BLACHLY.
Mary Cornelia BRADLEY was born on 2 May 1909 in Chicago, Illinois. She died in 1916 in Chicago, Illinois. Parents: Harold Cornelius BRADLEY and Mary Josephine Crane.
Mehitable BRADLEY was born on 3 Mar 1757. She died after 1834. Parents: Jabez BRADLEY and Esther BEACH.
Melanie BRADLEY Parents: William Crane BRADLEY and Alice Louise Babcock.
Menaka Sondhi BRADLEY Parents: Daniel Charles BRADLEY and Radhika Sondhi.
Merideth BRADLEY Parents: William Crane BRADLEY and Mary Virginia Biart.
Mrs. William Bradley died in 1634.
Children were: William BRADLEY.
Nancy BRADLEY was born on 21 Jul 1791 in Cheshire. Parents: Hon. Dan BRADLEY and Eunice BEACH.
Paul William BRADLEY Parents: Dr. William Lee BRADLEY and Paula Ann Elliot.
Richard Crane BRADLEY See note for Richard's Grandfather, Cornelius Bradley. Parents: Harold Cornelius BRADLEY and Mary Josephine Crane.
Richard Crane BRADLEY Jr. Parents: Richard Crane BRADLEY and Dorothy Holden.
Richard Kari BRADLEY Parents: David McLane (Darby) BRADLEY and Liisa Muukari.
Robert Gamble BRADLEY was born on 19 Jun 1892 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He died in 1972. Parents: Dan Freeman BRADLEY and Lillian Josephine Jaques.
Sarah BRADLEY was born on 29 Nov 1760. She died in 1802. She was the mother of Dan and Mabel Peck and other children. Parents: Jabez BRADLEY and Esther BEACH.
Sarah Adorna BRADLEY was born on 8 Apr 1850 in Singapore. Parents: Dan Beach BRADLEY D.D. and Sarah BLACHLY.
Simon Louis BRADLEY was born on 31 Aug 1997. Parents: Richard Kari BRADLEY and Gabrielle Malena.
Sophia Royce BRADLEY was born on 8 Oct 1839 in Bangkok, Siam. She died on 5 Jul 1923. Sophia had a granddaughter, Christina, who married W. Harding Kneedler and lived in Davidson, NC (1962). Christina's mother was one of Sophia's daughters.
Sophia Bradley McGilvary and Sarah Blachly Bradley: Notes Towards a Family Biography
One of the joys of historical research is how one thing leads to another, so that slowly over the course of days and weeks of research one begins to understand things that at first did not make sense. During the summer of 2003, I spent a delightful seven weeks (thanks to a small grant from the Luce Foundation), partly in visiting family, but primarily ensconced in the libraries of Berea College and Yale University tracking down data for a dozen different research topics. In particular, I was following up leads on the life of Sarah Blachly Bradley (1817-1893), a minor character in the history of Protestant missions in Siam who turns out to have been a quite remarkable individual. She is known in the missionary records, generally, as "the second Mrs. Bradley," the second wife, that is, of Dr. Dan Beach Bradley, the single-most Protestant missionary to serve in Siam during the nineteenth century. How I became interested in Sarah Bradley and what I have learned about her is the subject of this article; I ran out of research time in the States before I ran out of questions, and another summer in the United States may well turn up further data. However, before going on with that research, I would like to use this opportunity to "get down" what I know so far and share that knowledge with the readers of HeRB. As usual, citations are included in the text and the details for each source can be found in the list of sources at the end of the article.
Sophia & Sarah
My research on Sarah Bradley actually began with her stepdaughter, Sophia Bradley McGilvary (1839-1923), one of the key figures in the early history of the Laos Mission. I hope to "get going" again on my long-delayed history of northern Thai Christianity, and when I do it will be important to have on hand as much information as possible on the women members of the Laos Mission. Those women, especially the married women, pose a major challenge to the historian because there is so little readily available and obviously relevant data about them. Sophia McGilvary was the first woman missionary to serve in northern Siam; the daughter of missionary parents, she became a Presbyterian missionary in 1860 when she married Daniel McGilvary in Bangkok. From that date until her death sixty-two years later, Sophia McGilvary carried out a remarkable missionary career filled with a series of notable achievements. She initiated informal women's education in northern Siam. She played an important early role in introducing Western homemaking technologies and women's fashions into that same region. She translated the first Christian Scriptures, the Gospel of Matthew, into northern Thai. She played a part in the conversion of the first northern Thai converts. She and her husband also raised five children, three of whom eventually became members of the Laos Mission. Sophia McGilvary is particularly credited with beginning a small class for girls on her veranda at some point in the mid-1870s, which by 1879 had been transformed into the Chiang Mai Girls' School, today's Dara Academy.
Beyond her particular contributions, moreover, Sophia is important for another reason. When she became a Presbyterian missionary in 1861, the Presbyterian Church was still divided into two separate denominations usually known as the Old School and New School churches. These two factions parted ways in a bitter split that took place in 1837, and each claimed that it was the "real" Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA). As their names suggest, the Old School was the more conservative, traditionally Calvinistic of the two sides. Old School Presbyterians were suspicious of theological innovation and, to a degree, of inter-denominational cooperation. The New School tended, on the other hand, to be more open to theological change and its members were quite willing to cooperate ecumenically with other denominations, especially New England Congregationalism. The Old School generally looked on emotional forms of revivalism with disfavor, while the New School was associated with the more enthusiastic "new measures" revivalism. The split was an acrimonious one, involving apparently underhanded political gamesmanship as well as theological dissension. Over the course of the years, however, the denominational crises of the 1830s grew increasingly less significant, and in 1869 the two separate churches reunited to form one PCUSA again.
The Siam Mission, which Sophia McGilvary joined in 1861, was an Old School mission, and the Laos Mission that she and her husband Daniel founded in 1867 was also, if only briefly, an Old School mission. Daniel McGilvary's voluminous writings reveal clearly that he was an Old School Presbyterian, as was the other senior male leader of the mission in its early years, the Rev. Jonathan Wilson. The presumption might be then that Old School theology dominated the mission since the two key leaders, Wilson and McGilvary, adhered to it. But, was that the case? Sophia, as one of the two senior women of the mission, complicates giving a clear answer to this question. Before the American Civil War, her father, Dan Beach Bradley, associated himself with Charles G. Finney, the premier revivalistic and theological innovator o f his day. Theological conservatives regarded Finney with deep mistrust, and Bradley had been forced to leave his original mission, the Siam Mission of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM), because of his "Finneyite" proclivities. Bradley's theological views, that is to say, if anything went beyond even those of the New School. Did her father's views influence Sophia? Did she consciously, or even unconsciously, bring a different theological perspective to her work as a missionary? Given Sophia's role in the Laos Mission, especially in its pioneer era, these questions are potentially important for our understanding of the larger theological orientation of the mission itself.
The problem is that it is very difficult to find answers to these questions concerning Sophia's theological orientation directly from the historical record of the Laos Mission itself. While both her father and husband have left us with a copious historical record, including Bradley's famous diaries and McGilvary's equally well-known autobiography, nothing has come down to us from Sophia but a paltry few letters. She did not write articles or correspond with the Board. She did, evidently, write family letters, but few of those are available, and we have to assume that most of the rest are lost forever. A full telling of Sophia's tale, in light of this dearth of data, thus requires a search for further information about Sophia's life before she became a missionary. It was that search that led me to Sarah Blachly Bradley.
I was looking, in particular, for was information about Sophia Bradley's childhood and her educational background that might provide some clues as to her later role in the Laos Mission. How was she raised? What was she taught about the Christian faith as a child and teenager? Where did she go to school? My search for answers to these questions almost immediately led me to discover Sophia's stepmother, Sarah Blachly Bradley. It turns out that Sophia's mother, Emilie Royce Bradley (1811-1845), died when Sophia was only five, and Sophia was largely raised by her stepmother, Sarah.
Donald Lord's biography of Sophia's father, Dan Beach Bradley provides one important entry point into Sophia's life. As described by Lord, Sophia Bradley's education can be divided into four distinct phases. During the first phase, she was raised and educated by her mother, Emelie Royce Bradley, who according to the biographical notes of Paul Eakin was educated at the Clinton Female Seminary in Clinton New York. Three of her aunts ran the school, and at age 15 she became an assistant teacher, a position she held until she was 19, when she moved to Manlius, New York, to become the "preceptress" of a female seminary. That is to say that Emelie Bradley was herself an unusually well-educated woman for her day and age and had at least five years teaching experience before she began to home school Sophia, her second daughter. Lord, who has also written a brief article about Emelie, obviously has a very high regard for her, and she surely was a loving, competent mother for Sophia and her siblings. Emilie Bradley died, however, on 8 August 1845, when Sophia was still five years old. At that point her life and education entered its second phase, during which her father tutored her himself, this phase lasting until February 1847, when Bradley and his three living children arrived in Oberlin, Ohio. He left the children there with friends to attend school while he traveled to various places in the United States, and it was at this point that Sophia, age 7, started in the third phase of her young life. Her stay at Oberlin was the only time in her life that she received her education in a regular classroom situation. In July 1848, however, Sophia's older sister, Emilie, died, and her father rushed back to Oberlin, at which time he learned of a woman, Sarah Blachly of Dane, Wisconsin, who wanted to marry a missionary. After a courtship conducted by mail and a hasty arduous trip to the backwoods of northern Wisconsin, Bradley married Sarah in Dane in November 1848. From that point onwards, Sarah raised Sophia and her brother Cornelius; Sophia was just nine years old when she entered this final phase of her life and education before her marriage to McGilvary. Sarah had five children of her own with Bradley, and Lord writes that she " prepared all seven for advanced study in a day when college admission called for a knowledge of Latin and Greek. Not handicapped by the limitations of her residence in Thailand, she also gave her children a foundation in Hebrew as well." (Page 131).
It is clear from Lord's sparse data on Sophia that Sarah Blachly Bradley was a highly important person so far as Sophia's educational and religious training are concerned. It is also evident, that Lord has as high a regard for Sarah Blachly as he had for Emelie Royce. He writes, "Sarah Blachly Bradley was a fiery woman who accepted her role in life much as Bradley had his. For twenty years after her husband's death, she managed the press and continued his missionary work. Eventually, Sarah's status in Thailand nearly equaled Bradley's." (Lord, Mo Bradley, 206). What impact did this fiery, competent, and socially influential woman have on Sophia? What theological background and orientation did Sarah bring to Sophia's education?
Trying to find answers to these questions confronts the researcher with a situation even more frustrating than Sophia's. If we are to understand how Sarah Blachly Bradley raised Sophia, we have to study Sarah's own personal history before her sudden marriage to Bradley. But where Sophia was born in the very midst of Thai missionary history, as it were, and some information about her is accessible through the ordinary archival and secondary sources of the field, Sarah Bradley was born, raised, and educated far beyond the pale of Thailand missionary records. In the records of the Laos Mission, in particular, she is a shadowy figure known only as "Dearest Mother" in a few letters written by Daniel or Sophia McGilvary to her. Lord's biography of Bradley provides very little background information about her other than she graduated from the Oberlin Collegiate Institute (later Oberlin College) and was from Dane, Wisconsin (Lord, Mo Bradley, 130). Bertha McFarland provides a somewhat fuller description of Sarah Bradley without resolving any of the questions about her background. McFarland states that she was a graduate of Oberlin College and a woman of "unusual intellectual attainment," who was clever and competent. McFarland also relates in a very long end note how Sarah provided her step-children and children with a very intense education that involved both a great deal of Bible memorization and knowledge of the larger world. (McFarland, McFarland of Siam, 28, 290).
Asides from impressions and character sketches, Lord and McFarland do not give us with much to go on in terms of actual information. Sarah Blachly went to Oberlin College. She was from Dane, Wisconsin. These two bits of information, however, turned out to be crucial leads in a happy chase.
The Chase Begins in Berea
Logically, I should have investigated Sarah's connection with Dane, Wisconsin, first as it appeared (incorrectly) that she was originally from Dane. I began my research, however, at the Berea College library, which not surprisingly had a great deal more on Oberlin than on Dane.
One item that quickly came to hand was an entry in Oberlin College's Seventy-Fifth Anniversary General Catalogue, which reads:
Blachly, Sarah (Mrs. D. B. Bradley); enr. '41-'45 coll.; fr. Wethersfield, O.; d. Bangkok, Siam, Aug., 16, '93; A.B., Oberlin, '45. (p. 89).
The first thing notable about this entry is that Sarah is listed as being not from Wisconsin, but from a place called "Wethersfield" in Ohio. Obviously, things were going to be more complicated than I had expected, although if I had remembered that there was no such place as "Wisconsin" when Sarah was born in 1817, I would have anticipated a more complicated scenario. Dane, Wisconsin, did not even come into official being until only a few months before she was married! As it turns out, this entry misspells "Wethersfield." The correct spelling is Weathersfield, a typographical error that later wasted some of my time in the a frustrating search for a place that never existed.
The second significant piece of information contained in this entry is the fact that Sarah Blachly received her B.A. degree from Oberlin College in 1845. Both McFarland and Lord mention that Sarah "graduated" from Oberlin, but it was not clear that this meant that she actually received a bachelor's degree, the same as any male student. One could all but count on one hand or two the number of women in the United States in the 1840s who graduated from a regularly established college rather than a "female seminary." Oberlin was virtually unique in the fact that it admitted both women and African Americans to its regular degree program. The word "remarkable" constantly comes to mind in the unfolding story of Sarah Blachly, with cause. She brought to the Bradley family an exceptional educational attainment that, according to McFarland above, she passed on to her stepchildren as well as her own. That is to say, Sophia Bradley McGilvary was tutored, from the age of nine, by one of the most well educated American women of her age. Stated from the perspective of the history of the Laos Mission, Sophia McGilvary brought to the mission an educational background that equaled her husband's, or nearly so.
A third important fact contained in this entry is the dates she attended Oberlin, that is in the early 1840s. Hutchins Library at Berea provided several helpful secondary sources on the history of Oberlin College and the life of Charles G. Finney, which showed that Oberlin, both the college and the town, was an intensely religious place during the 1840s. Finney was the president of a college that had a sincerely evangelical faculty and deeply committed student body; the college in those days experienced frequent spells of revivalistic renewal. Sarah must have studied under Finney as well as other well-known Finneyite supporters on the Oberlin faculty, and it is evident that Sarah participated in central currents of Finneyite revivalism. It is clear, especially from McFarland, that she brought that same intensity of religious commitment to her stepdaughter's education and upbringing. That is to say, that Sophia Bradley's stepmother, Sarah, shared the same general theological and revivalistic orientation as Sophia's father. Whatever she herself believed, she was raised in a decidedly New School environment quite different from the majority of her future Presbyterian missionary colleagues.
Although I looked through several other sources on Oberlin while at Berea, I found nothing further relevant to Sarah Blachly, except for the following brief notice of her marriage to Bradley in the Oberlin Evangelist for 22 November 1848 (v. 10, No. 22). That notice contains the added information that she was the daughter of Miller Blachly and states, "Mrs. Bradley is one of the few ladies of our country who have received the first Degree in the Arts from a literary institution. She is a lady of excellent spirit and talents, and is doubtless the first foreign missionary from our new State." (p. 175) This notice helps to confirm the image of Sarah Blachly as an unusual, competent individual. It also proved very helpful in my further research to know her father's name.
Continuing the Chase in New Haven
It was this picture and few snippets of information that I took with me from Berea to New Haven and the several libraries of Yale University. Having accessed the Yale University online catalog from Berea, I knew that Yale had (unexpectedly) several histories of Dane County, Wisconsin; and virtually the first thing I did at Yale was to put in a request for several of those histories. Instead of being on the shelf of one library or another, those seldom used nineteenth-century tomes were being held captive in a mysterious facility known by the ominous acronym of "LSF" (Long Storage Facility), Yale's internment camp for old books that are n ot rare, just old. Twenty-four hours later, I opened the dusty, magic pages of the History of Dane County, Wisconsin, warmed up my trusty iBook, and discovered the following facts. The town of Dane was first settled in 1845. Early settlers, according to page 885, included three Blachly families, those of Miller, Eban, and Bell Blachly. The next page, 886, adds, "The first school was held in the Luse neighborhood in 1847, Miss Sarah Blachly being the teacher." Given her educational background and the fact that virtually the only profession open to single women in the 1840s was teaching, it was not at all surprising to learn that Sarah was a pioneer teacher. I now had some other family names, although it was not clear at that point whether Eban and Bell were Sarah's uncles or brothers (they were her brothers). That same page, 886, also states, "Rev. Mr. Blachly was Pastor of the first Congregational Church, organized in 1848." Which Blachly "Rev. Mr. Blachly" is, unfortunately, not stated, but the evident family connection to Congregationalism only serves to reinforce the sense that Sophia's heritage through her stepmother was definitely not Old School Presbyterian.
Another brittle old tome entitled, Madison, Dane County and Surrounding Towns; Being a History and Guide, provides still further information. The Blachly Family, it reports, immigrated to Dane in the summer of 1846 and was part of what was locally called "the Ohio settlement," meaning that they came with a number of other families from Ohio (pages 468-469). Of the Ohio settlement the book notes,
This was a valuable acquisition to the town, and it is seldom that a settlement is made up of men and women as well qualified for pioneer life; all, men of a high moral character, and in possession of a liberal education. They wielded a powerful influence in shaping the moral sentiment of the community. (Page 469).
Two of the prominent members of the Ohio settlement in Dane were Dr. Eben Blachly and his brother, Bell. The next paragraph on page 469 relates that "In this settlement the first school district was organized, and the first school house in the town was built in 1847; Miss Sarah Blachly teaching the first term." We also learn on that same page that her marriage to Bradley was the first marriage in the community.
Things were falling into place. For one thing, the reference to Wethersfield, Ohio, in that brief Oberlin College entry about Sophia, mentioned above, began to make sense. Wisconsin was still on the fringes of the western frontier in the 1840s. The Blachlys had to have come from somewhere else, and where they came from was Ohio. They appear to have migrated to Wisconsin as part of an organized effort involving several families. Clearly, some amount of planning and preparation must have gone into this move by a group of people who were anything but the oppressed refugees of our own age. This is not to belittle in any sense the difficulties involved in moving from Ohio to Wisconsin; it was no small matter to pick up and move over 800 kilometers on the all but impassable forest tracks of the North American frontier to the backwoods of frigid Wisconsin. How long did it take them? What conditions did they meet with? Had anyone gone ahead to make preparations? How did they survive that first long winter of 1846? What motivated them to move to Wisconsin in the first place? Finally, it is evident that Sarah came from a family and a community that valued education.
While I was accumulating this information on the Blachlys from their connection to Dane, Wisconsin, I was also getting Weathersfield sorted out from Wethersfield. The problem was that Wethersfield was apparently an alternative spelling for Weathersfield so my research in various databases got "hits" on "Wethersfield, Ohio," but those hits never led anyplace. It took a helpful reference librarian and the use of a different database to break the logjam. Once broken, I could begin to gather in the Ohio strand of this story, which had been dangling since Berea.
The Yale University online catalog lists among the university's holdings a microfilm copy of the two volume History of Trumbull and Mahoning Counties. Volume two, beyond all expectation, provided a veritable mother lode of information on the Blachlys. Page 223 contains the following paragraph, which is worth quoting in full:
Aaron Bell was an early settler [in Weathersfield], but sold out to Miller Blachly. Miller Blachly settled about one mile from Niles, a little northeast of the town. He had three sons, Eben, Miller, and Bell; and three daughters, Phebe (Dunlap), Eleanor, who remained single, and Sarah (Bradley). Eben became a doctor and practiced several years in Niles and Warren. He married Minerva, only daughter of Dr. John Seely. Miller, Jr., was also a physician and practiced here. Bell married and settled in Weathersfield. All moved to Wisconsin. Miller Blachly was a very good man, but positive, and even obstinate in adhering to his opinions. He was a devoted Presbyterian and a strong temperance advocate. In early days the roads in his neighborhood were very bad, and sometimes teams stuck in the mud and could not move their loads. Mr. Blachly was usually ready to lend his team to assist over the difficult places; but when a man who was hauling a load of grain to a neighboring distillery asked for such assistance, he obtained only a very stern refusal.
Historians live for paragraphs like this one! Eben and Bell Blachly were Sarah's brothers, not uncles. She had five siblings including a brother named Miller, so her father was Miller Sr. Two of her brothers were doctors, which in Niles, Ohio, in the 1840s meant that they were members of the local social elite and two of the best-educated individuals in their community. Eben married a doctor's daughter as well, doubly confirming his local status. We already had the impression of a well-educated family, but now we also see the Blachlys as a locally prominent family.
This paragraph even provides a hint of an answer to the question of why they moved to Wisconsin. It tells us that the Blachlys were early settlers in Weathersfield Township, although we do not know yet when they moved there. Since we know from this same source that settlement in the area of the township began in 1801 and the township was formally established in 1807, it seems likely that the Blachlys had moved to Ohio before 1817, when Sarah was born. The matter is not "nailed down," but Sarah was probably born in Weathersfield, Ohio; at the very least, she surely lived there from the time she was a small child. The move to Wisconsin, in any event, was not the first time this family had picked up and moved westward to the fringes of the frontier. In fact, it appears that they came from Pennsylvania. Page 222 states of the early nineteenth-century residents of Weathersfield, "The settlers of this township nearly all came from Pennsylvania, and many of them, after several years' residence here, moved further West " The fact that Miller Blachly, Sr. was a Presbyterian strongly supports the supposition that the Blachly family actually came from Pennsylvania, the heartland of American Presbyterianism. If the family did move to
Ohio from Pennsylvania about 1810, as our evidence suggests, then it was just a generation later that it picked up and moved on to Wisconsin. Their move, furthermore, was typical of the Pennsylvanians who moved to Ohio. Without having any details, we can at least surmise that the Blachlys were one of "those" families that felt the westward tug, which kept Americans moving westward for several generations.
This paragraph also gives us the important information that Sarah's father, Miller Blachly, was a Presbyterian and tells us a rather unflattering little story about him, which provides us with an insight not only into the father but also the piety of the family. Page 234 of this history adds that the Blachly family participated in the founding of the Weathersfield Presbyterian Church in 1839 and that, "Eben Blachly and Miller Blachly, Jr., were appointed to the office of ruling elders, and at the same time were ordained and installed." Reading on that same page, we learn that the Presbytery of New Lisbon founded the church.
Given what we had known previously about Sarah Blachly, it comes as a surprise that she was a Presbyterian, although her family's strong commitment to education fits with a Presbyterian background. The Presbyterians played a major role in spreading formal education across the frontier and were invariably found among the local social elite in rural and frontier American communities. What is not clear at this point is whether the Weathersfield Church was an Old School or New School congregation. The fact is an important one; if the church was founded as a New School congregation, it would further strengthen our sense that Sarah came from a New School background and brought that theology and piety to raising Sophia. If, on the other hand, it was Old School church, we are suddenly confronted with a more complex scenario in which Sarah came from a mixed theological background that included both traditional Old School and innovative Finneyite elements.
With the data at hand as described above, we can construct at least the beginnings of a time line for Sarah Blachly Bradley's life before she moved to Bangkok.
Time Line for Sarah Blachly Bradley
1801 the first settler arrived in what became Weathersfield Township, Ohio.
1809 Weathersfield Township established. The Miller Blachly Family is reported to have been "early settlers" in the township.
1817 Sarah Blachly born.
ca. 1830 a temperance society was formed at Weathersfield with Miller Blachly listed as one of the two key leaders of the movement.
1839 Presbytery of New Lisbon established the Weathersfield Church (today's Niles Presbyterian Church). Members included Miller Blachly and his wife Phebe, Eben B., Anna B., Miller B., Jr. and his wife Mary Parents: Dan Beach BRADLEY D.D. and Emelie Royce.
She was married to Rev. Dan McGilvary on 6 Dec 1860. Children were: Catherine Emilie McGilvary, Evander Bradley McGilvary, Cornelia Harriet Petit McGilvary, Margaret Alexandra McGilvary, Norwood A. Hodge McGilvary.
Stephen Joseph BRADLEY "Steve is the youngest of the brothers and I think lives in Colorado. There is a monument to him in Boulder for his invention of the snowcat or groomer. Dave and Steve were both excellent nordic combined skiers. They were at Dartmouth together and missed their Olympic chances because of WWII." [Markus Bradley letter, 2002] Parents: Harold Cornelius BRADLEY and Mary Josephine Crane.
Steven Rama BRADLEY Parents: David John BRADLEY and Elizabeth Bancroft McLane.
Sue BRADLEY was born on 7 Apr 1774. She died in 1794. Parents: Jabez BRADLEY and Esther BEACH.
Timo BRADLEY Parents: David McLane (Darby) BRADLEY and Liisa Muukari.
He was married to Piia Huttunen. Resided in Vershire, Vermont, 2002. No children at that time.
Timothy BRADLEY died in 1997. Parents: Stephen Joseph BRADLEY and Anne Hurlburt.
Walter BRADLEY was born on 2 Oct 1807. Parents: Hon. Dan BRADLEY and Nancy Rose.
William BRADLEY was born in 1619. He died in 1690. After the death of his mother in 1634, William Bradley was entrusted by his father to the care of Theophilus Eaton and William Davenport. Theophilus Eaton was a rich London merchant, William Davenport was his pastor. They emigrated to Boston in 1637, and in 1638 founded New Haven, Connecticut. Because these colonists were people of means the settlement was substantially built.
William started the settlements at Wallingford and North Haven where he had large landed interests. He was on the standing committee to manage affairs at Wallingford. He was on the Board of Selectmen, 1656-1680, and was a deputy to the Connecticut General Court or Assembly from 1675 to 1683. His stepmother, Elizabeth Bradley with her four sons and one daughter followed him to America in 1648. Parents: Sir William BRADLEY and Mrs. William Bradley.
Sir William BRADLEY resided at in West Riding, Yorkshire, England. Sir William Bradley was a friend of Cromwell and a major in the Parliamentary army.
Children were: William BRADLEY.
Rev. William BRADLEY. Parents: Robert Gamble BRADLEY and Mabel Gibson.
William BRADLEY was born on 20 Jun 1802. Parents: Hon. Dan BRADLEY and Eunice BEACH.
William Crane BRADLEY "Bill was WWII hero and was lightly crippled by polio a little later in life." [Markus Bradley letter, 2002] Parents: Harold Cornelius BRADLEY and Mary Josephine Crane .
Dr. William Lee BRADLEY was born on 6 Sep 1918 in Berkeley, California. Parents: Dwight Jaques BRADLEY and Kathryn Lee Culver.
Aaron Brassard was born on 27 Dec 1979. Aaron was the son of Annaliisa and Michael Brassard.
Josefina True Blachly Brassard was born on 30 Oct 2007. Parents: Aaron Brassard and Sarah Glor BLACHLY.
Nora Jeanne Blachly Brassard was born on 12 May 2006. Parents: Aaron Brassard and Sarah Glor BLACHLY.
Anna Bray was born about 1556.
Catherine Bray Parents: Thomas (or John) Bray.
Children were: Thomas Welby.
John Bray died before 5 Dec 1615 in England. John Bray, born say 1520s, parentage unknown; died before 6 Dec 1615, probably St. Margaret, Westminster, Middlesex, England when his will was proved (Dean & Chapter of Westminster, 3:267).
He married 13 Aug 1553, St. Margaret's, Westminster, Margaret Haslonde, parentage unproven. She was buried 28 Mar 1588, St. Margaret's.
He may be the John Bray who was mentioned in the will of Edward Dudley, of St. Margaret's, Westminster, gent., 1 Jul 1542.
He was a churchwarden of St. Margaret's, Westminster, in 1554-1556.
Martyrdom of William Flower.png
The Martyrdom of William Flower
In 1555 he served as a witness in the case against William Flower who had assaulted a priest at St. Margaret's. Mr. Flower had his hand cut off and was then martyred by being burned alive.
"John Bray, one of the churchwardens of the parish church of St. Margaret's in Westminster, sworn and examined upon the said answers, saith and deposeth, that he did hear and see the said Flower acknowledge and recognise the said answers, and also subscribe unto the same. And further deposeth of Flower's striking the priest, in effect, as the rest of the examinates do, and that this said jurate was present there at the deed-doing."
- Fox's Book of martyrs: the acts and monuments of the Church, Volume 3 By John Foxe, John Cumming
He was probably the "John Bray" listed in the 1576 London Subsidy Return with a value of £3.
He was probably the "John Braye" listed in the 1582 London Subsidy Return with a value of £4.
He was one of the Assistant Burgesses of the City of Westminster in 1585.
He was probably the John Braye who renovated a tenement on Kings Street.
He may have been, if indeed he was a member of the Merchant Taylors Company as the description of "tailor" in his will suggests, the Mr. Bray mentioned as spending or being owed money for wine used during a dinner the Merchant Taylors Company held for King James I of England and his family 16 July 1607.
John Bray, tailor, wrote a will which was proved 6 Dec 1615 (Dean & Chapter of Westminster, 3:267). While the Act Book reveals that John's only surviving child Mary, and her husband Thomas Whitney of St. Margaret, were executors, the will itself does not survive.
Children of John and Margaret (Haslonde) Bray:
i. John Bray, baptized 30 Dec 1554. St. Margaret, Westminster; buried 28 Apr 1555, St. Margaret.
ii. Margaret Bray, baptized St. Margaret, Westminster 17 Feb 1556/7, buried 2 Mar 1556/7, St. Margaret.
iii. Laurence Bray, baptized St. Margaret, Westminster 11 Oct 1558, buried 24 Mar 1569/70, St. Margaret.
iv. Joan Bray, a chrisom child (unbaptized), buried 27 June 1560, St. Margaret, Westminster.
v. Thomas Bray, baptized 29 Nov 1562, St. Margaret, Westminster, buried 22 Mar 1569/70, St. Margaret.
vi. Mary Bray, baptized 24 Dec 1564, St. Margaret, Westminster; buried St Margaret, Westminster 25 Sep 1629; married St Margaret, Westminster 10 May 1583 Thomas Whitney, born say 1560 or earlier, buried St Margaret, Westminster 15 Apr 1637.
vii. Henry Bray, baptized 6 Oct 1566, St. Margaret, Westminster, apparently died soon.
viii. Henry Bray, baptized 4 Feb 1567/8, St. Margaret, Westminster, no further record.
Mary Bray was born about 1564 in England. She was baptized on 24 Dec 1564 in St. Margaret's, Westminster, England. She died in 1629 in England. She was buried on 25 Sep 1629 in St. Margaret's, Westminster, England. Parents: John Bray and Margaret Haslonde.
Thomas (or John) Bray
Children were: Catherine Bray .
Jacqueline Joyce Brees was born on 3 Sep 1925 in Moline, Illinois. Jacqueline worked for 26 years at the Black Hawk Hotel (Davenport?) as a banquet waitress.
Anna (Hannah) BRIDGE was born on 29 Mar 1646 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. She died on 12 Nov 1698 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts.
She was married to Samuel LIVERMORE on 4 Jun 1668 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Children were: Anna LIVERMORE, Grace LIVERMORE, Samuel LIVERMORE, Daniel LIVERMORE, Thomas LIVERMORE, Jonathan LIVERMORE, Matthew LIVERMORE, John LIVERMORE, Abigail LIVERMORE, Nathaniel LIVERMORE, Lydia LIVERMORE.
She was married to Mark Andrew Glaude .
Alden M. Briggs
He was married to Helen "Nellie" McKelvey on 2 Jul 1890 in Lunenburg, Vermont. He was divorced from Helen "Nellie" McKelvey on 17 Mar 1897.
He was married to Dorcus Perry.
Dinah BRIMSDILL was born in Lynn, Massachusetts?.
Jane BRISTOW was born in England.
Charles Brocklesby was born in Lincoln, England.
He was married to Sarah COOKE on 3 May 1809 in All Hallows Church, Bread Street, Cheapside. Marriage witnessed by "Jno. Yeoman Cooke and E. Cooke" Children were: Mary Ann Brocklesby, Henry Alfred Brocklesby, Charles Morrice Brocklesby .
Charles Morrice Brocklesby was born before 10 Nov 1813 in St. Mary Magdalena Parish, Bermondsey, London, England. Parents: Charles Brocklesby and Sarah COOKE.
He was married to Caroline Cooke on 10 Feb 1846 in Holy Trinity Church, Guildford, Surrey, England.